Expertise in Sports Injuries
River Valley Orthopedics & Sports Medicine, P.C. offers the best possible care for patients suffering from sports-related injuries and has extensive experience in the treatment of common overuse and trauma-induced injuries. As part of our comprehensive treatment, we strive to provide patients with the highest level of personalized care. Dr. Graham is trained in the latest, minimally invasive techniques such as arthroscopy of the shoulder and knee.
Sports related injuries treated can include:
Sports Injury Treatment
Participating in a variety of sports is fun and healthy for children and adults. However, it's critical that before you participate in any sport, you are aware of the precautions you can take to prevent injuries. Warming up, strengthening your muscles and cooling down after any type of exercise are excellent ways to help prevent sports injuries.
Unfortunately, even when taking these and other precautions, injuries still occur. More than 10 million sports injuries are treated each year in the Unites States. Here is a list of some of the more common sports injuries with their causes, symptoms and treatments.
Sprains and Strains
Sprains and strains are arguably the most common injuries caused by participating in sports. A sprain is a stretch or tear of a ligament, which is the connective tissue that joins bones together in your body. A strain is a stretch or tear of a muscle or tendon. Tendons connect your muscles to your bones.
Causes: Sprains and strains are caused by a fall or twist of the body. Any area of the body is susceptible to this type of injury, but depending on the particular sport, some areas are more at risk than others. For example, gymnasts and tennis players are more likely to suffer hand and elbow sprains and strains while basketball and soccer players are at greater risk for those of the leg and ankle. Ankle sprains are the most common and are generally caused by running on an uneven surface or landing off-balance after jumping.
Symptoms: Sprains and strains may be evidenced by pain, bruising, inflammation or swelling of the affected area.
Treatment: The first step in treating a sprain or strain is with R.I.C.E (Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation). Recovery time depends on your age, general health and the severity of the sprain or strain. A more severe sprain or strain may require physical therapy or surgery. Consult a medical professional for proper diagnosis.
The ACL (Anterior Cruciate Ligament) is one of the four major ligaments critical to the stability of the knee joint. Its primary purpose is to restrain forward motion of the shinbone. An ACL injury occurs when this ligament is torn.
Causes: ACL tears are commonly caused by sports that require frequent pivots and stops and starts, such as football, basketball, skiing and soccer. Patients with ACL tears generally complain of a sudden and quick injury with the knee "giving-out" or "buckling".
Symptoms: Pain, swelling or a "popping" sound heard around the knee, and instability of the knee joint.
Participating in regular physical activities such as sports is a key component of a healthy lifestyle. Current research indicates that exercise and involvement in sports can help you lose weight, stay healthy and even improve your mental state. However, participation in any sport or physical activity also carries the potential for injury in children and adults.
Dr. John Graham offers sports physicals and treats injuries for many local schools. He truly strives to get you back in the game! Dr. Graham not only treats sports injuries but also coaches and likes to play Rugby. He is associated with the Penn High School Athletic Department and Penn Rugby Club.